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USC Enterprise (1799)

Page history last edited by PBworks 12 years, 5 months ago

Enterprise, 12 Gun Schooner

 

Details

NationalityUnited States of America
Authorised
Laid Down
Named
Launched1799W012
Purchased
ShipyardBaltimore MDW012
Designer
ConstructorHenry SpencerW012
Outfitter
Supplier
Decks1
RateSchooner
In Service1799W012
Out Service1823-Jul-09W012
FateWreckedW012

 

The Enterprise as launched in 1799The Enterprise after conversion to a Brig 1812

Dimensions

Gun DeckKeelBeamDepthDraughtBurthenDisplacementSource
84' 7"22' 6"10' 0"135W012

 

Armament

DateCrewGunsDeckB/S WeightSource
1799701212 x 636W012
1800-Jun-2383B043
1813-Sep-051021614 x 18C, 2 x 9135B044

 

Commanders

Date FromDate toNameSource
17991800-Oct-27Lieutenant John ShawW012
1800-Oct-271803-MayLieutenant Andrew SterrettB043/001
1803-MayLieutenant Isaac Hull001
1803Lieutenant Stephen Decatur JrW012
1811-Apr-081813-JunMaster CommandantJohnston Blakely001
1813-Jun1813-Sep-05Lieutenant William BurrowsW012/B044
1813Lieutenant RenshawB044
18211823-Jul-09Lieutenant Lawrence Kearney001

 

Officers

Date FromDate ToRank/PositionNameSource
1803First LieutenantJames Lawrence
LieutenantEdward MccallB044
1813-Sep-05MidshipmanKervin WatersB044

 

Service record

1799-Dec-17Left the Delaware capes in a storm and sparng her foremast
1800-Jan-10Recaptured the brig Polly
1800-Jan-19Having procured a new foremast, left Martinico with a convoy of 15 merchantmen for St Kitts
1800-Jan-22Retook the schooner Victory
1800-Jan-24Retook the Androscoggin of Topsham
1800-Jan-26Left St Kitts for Curacao with dispatches
1800-Feb-01Sent to the United States with Commodore Truxton's dispatches
1800-MarSent to the West Indies with dispatches for Commodore Talbot at Cape Francis
1800-May-01At St Thomas
1800-Jun-17Took the French privateer Le Cygne (4)
1800-Jul-04Took the French privateer L'Aigle (10)
1800-Jul-23Took the French privateer Flambeau (12)
1800-Dec-24Took the French privateer schooner L'Amour de la Patrie (6)
1801-Feb-01In St Christopher as part of Commodore Barry's squadron
1801-Jun-01Left Hampton Roads, Virginia for the Mediterranean as part of a squadron under Commodore Dale which also included the President, Philadelphia and the Essex
1801-Jun-26Arrived in Gibraltar
1801-Aug-01Took the Tripolitan corsair Tripoli (14)
1801-Oct-03Sailed for Baltimore with dispatches
1802-FebSailed to rejoin the Mediterranean squadron
1803-Jan-17Took the Tunisian ship Paulina
1803-May-22Ran a 30-ton vessel ashore on the coast of Tripoli
1803-Jun-1150 seamen led by Lieutenant David Porter of the New York and Lieutenant James Lawrence of the Enterprise, went ashore to set fire to a dozen grain boats in a bay near Tripoli
1803-Dec-23In company with the Constitution took the Tripolitan ketch Matisco
1804-Feb-16Men from the Enterprise commanded by Lieutenant Stephen Decatur Jr entered Tripoli harbour on board the prize Intrepid to burn the captured frigate Philadelphia
1804-JulTook part in a series of attacks on Tripoli together with the rest of the squadron
1804-AugThe attacks on Tripoli continued
1804Wintered in Venice, where she was practically rebuilt
1805-Jul-21Rejoined her squadron
1806-Aug-15Fought an engagment against a group of spanish gunboats
1807Returned to the United States
1809-JunReturned to the Mediterranean for a 6-month patrol
1809Laid up in New York
1811-Apr-08Recommissioned at the Washington Navy Yard
1811Operations out of Savannah GA ans Charleston SC
1811-Oct-12Returned to Washington for extensive repairs and was re-rigged as a Brig
1812-May-20Refit complete the Enterprise sailed and cruised the the east coast
1813-JunArrived in Portsmouth NH
1813-Sep-01Left Portsmouth on a cruiee to the south
1813-Sep-05Chased and took the brig Boxer, Lieutenant William Burrows was killed in the action
1813Repaired in Portland
1814-Jan-10Sailed for the Caribbean in company with the Rattlesnake
1814Took the British privateer Mars (14)
1814-Feb-25Forced to seperate from the Rattlesnake by a heavily armed vessel, Enterprise had to jettison most of her guns to escape
1814-Mar-09Arrived in Wilmington NC
1814Guardship of Charleston SC
1815-JulSailed for the Mediterranean
1815-NovReturned to the United States
1816Cruised off the northeastern coast of the United States
1817Cruised off the northeastern coast of the United States
1817-NovMoved to the Caribbean and served there and in the Gulf of Mexico taking prize 13 vessels
1821-Oct-16Took five pirate vessels whiule they were plundering three merchantmen
1821-Dec-21Captured and burnt a pirate schooner
1822-Mar-08Destroyed 7 small priate vessels near Cape San Antonio
1823-Jul-09Wrecked on Little Curacao without loss of life

 

 

Actions & Battles

DateSource
1800-Jun-17Action against Le CygneB043
1800-Jul-04Action against L'AigleB043
1800-Jul-23Action against FlambeauB043
1800-Dec-06Action against an unidentified French lugger of 12 guns
1801-Aug-01Action against the TripoliW012
1806-Aug-15Action against Spanish gunboats off GibraltarW012
1813-Sep-05Action against BoxerW012

 

Notes

In the action against Le Cygne the Enterprise had one man killed and two wounded.

In the action against the Flambeau the Enterprise had two men wounded.

In the action with the Boxer the Enterprise'' had 3 killed and 13 wounded, of whom 3 died later including Lieutenant Burrows and Midshipman Waters.

 

Sources

001Website on vessels called Enterprise
W012Dictionary of American Fighting Vessels
B043Our Naval War with FranceGardner W. Allen
B044The Naval War of 1812 - Vol ITheodore Roosevelt
B045The Naval War of 1812 - Vol IITheodore Roosevelt

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