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HCMS San Rafael (1771)

Page history last edited by ManuBlasco 13 years, 8 months ago

San Rafael, 70/80


Details

Nationality Spanish
Ordered ?  
Started ?  
Named ?  
Launched 1771  
Shipyard La Habana  
Plans Jorge Juan  
Constructor    
Suplier    
Decks 2  
Rate 3rd Rates  
Class    
System British  
Crew 570-650  
In Service 1771 b1
Out Service 1805-jul-22  
Fate Captured
Next ?  

 

Dimensions

Units Lenght Keel Beam Depth Draught Weight Source
Burgos ft. 206'9" 183'9" 54'8" 25'1" 27'4" 1,800 Tn. s1 

 

Armament

Guns Date # lbs # lbs # lbs # lbs Broadside Source
70 1782 28 24 30 18 12 8 4p 4   s1 
80 1790 30 36 32 18 18 8 2p 3   s1
80 1793 30 36 32 18 18 8 (2+2)ob 4+3   s1
80 1805 30 36 32 18 18 8 - -  

 

Commanders

1774-may-00 1775-mm-00 Captain D. Miguel Gaston.  
1775-mm-00 yyyy-mm-00 Captain D. Jose de Urrutia.  
1779-jun-00 yyyy-mm-00 Commodore D. Juan de Postigo.  
1782-aug-29   Captain D. Alberto Olaondo  
1786-mm-00   Com. D. Alberto Olaondo. s2
1790-jul-00 yyyy-mm-00 Commodore D. Juan de Quindos y Pardo.  
1793-feb-06 1793-jul-11 Commodore D. Juan de Quindos y Pardo.  
1794-may-06 yyyy-mm-00 Captain D. Benito de Lira.  
1795-jan-00 yyyy-mm-00 Frigate Captain D. Luis Tovar.  
1805-mm-00 1805-jul-22 Captain D. Francisco Montes.  

 

Flag Officers

1790-jul-00 yyyy-mm-00 Vice Admiral D. Gabriel de Aristizabal.  

 

Service Record

1772-apr-18 Left La Habana to Cadiz.  
1772-may-21 Entered at Cadiz.  
1772-mmm-00 Cruissed waters off Cape St. Maria & St. Vincent.  
1772-mmm-00 Entered at Cadiz and set in ordinary (disarmed).  
1774-may-00 Left Cadiz to Cartagaena.  
1774-may-00 Entered at Cartagaena to join Adm. Castejon fleet.  
1775-mmm-00 Campaign of Argel.  
1779-jun-00 At Cadiz under Cordoba's fleet for the 1st Campaign of the English Channel.  
1780-mmm-00 Siege of Gibraltar.  
1780-aug-00 Patrolling Cape St. Vincent with Adm. Cordoba's fleet captured a british convoy of 55 sails.  
1780-aug-29 Entered at Cadiz with Adm. Cordoba's fleet and british captured vessels.  
1782-may-00 Left Cadiz under Adm. Cordoba's fleet for the 3rd Campaign of the English Channel.  
1782-aug-00 Entered at Cadiz with Adm. Cordoba's fleet.  
1782-oct-21 Battle of Cape Spartel  
1786-mm-00 At El Ferrol (in ordinary?) s2
1790-jul-00 At El Ferrol, with a squadron for the Campaign of Nootka1 b61
1793-aug-09 Left Cartagena with San Agustin to join Adm. Langara's fleet for the Campaign of Toulon.  
1795-jan-00 At the Mediterranean.  
1797-jan-00 At Cadiz, under Adm. Gravina's fleet, blocked by Adm. Jervis' fleet.  
1803-mmm-00 At Cadiz, carened & coppered. b6
1805-apr-07 Left Cadiz under Adm. Villeneuve's french-spanish fleet to Caribeean.  
1805-jul-22 Captured by the british at the Battle of Cape Finisterre  
1805-mm-00 Towed by Malta (74) to Plymouth and hulked.  

 

Battles

1782-oct-21 Battle of Cape Spartel
1805-jul-22 Battle of Cape Finisterre

 

Notes

(1) Salvador del Mundo, (114), San Rafael, (80), Serio, (74), Oriente, (74), Arrogante, (74), San Justo, (74), San Gabriel, (74), San Telmo, (74), Europa, (74), San Leandro, (64), Juno, (34), Palas, (34), Santa Teresa, (34) and Santa Catalina, (34).

 

Sources (research by Santiago Gomez)

Cesareo Fdez. Duro, "Armada Española desde la union de los reinos de Castilla y Aragon" - Tomo VIII (b61)

RHN, año 1995, nº 51, José M. Juan-García Aguado, "José Romero Fernández de Landa, primer ingeniero de la Marina".

Juan Alsina Torrente, "Una guerra romántica, 1778-1783".

José Ignacio González-Aller Hierro, "La Campaña de Trafalgar (1804-1805). Corpus Documental". (b6)

José Ferrer de Couto, "Historia del combate naval de Trafalgar".

Agustín Ramón Rodríguez González, "Trafalgar y el conflicto naval anglo-español en el siglo XVIII".

AGMAB, Estados de Fuerza y Vida, leg. 2235/41 (s1)

AGMAB, Estado General de la Armada, 1786 (s2)

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