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HCMS Fenix (1749)

Page history last edited by ManuBlasco 10 years, 4 months ago

Fénix, 80

Real Fénix 

San Alejandro

Real Fenix (80), by Berenguer (Rayo's twin ship), MNM

 


 


Details 

Nationality Spanish
Ordered 1747  
Started 1747-jul-01  
Named 1747  
Launched 1749-feb-26 ?
Shipyard La Habana  
Plans Jorge Juan
Constructor Pedro Torres w1
Suplier La Habana Co. ?
Decks 2  
Rate 2nd Rates  
Class Rayo  
System British  
Crew 450-750  
In Service 1751-jan-31 b1
Out Service 1780-jan-16 b1
Fate Captured
Next Gibraltar 1815

 


 

 

Dimensions 

Units Lenght Keel Beam Depth Draught Weight Source
Burgos ft. 198' 165' 57' 28'6" 27' 1,750 Tn.  
Meters 55.16 45.97 15.88 7.94 7.52 2,653 m3  
British ft. 178'103/4" 144'6" 52'113/4" 22'13/4" - 2,157 BM  
Meters 54.53 44.04 16.15 6.75 - 2,058 m3  

 

 

 

 

Armament 

Guns Date # lbs # lbs # lbs # lbs Broadside Source
78 1766 30 24 32 18 12 8 4 8 712 (349) (1)
80 1780 30 24 32 18 18 8 - - 720 (353) w6

 

 

 

Commanders

1750-mm-00 175?-mm-00 Captian D. ??  
1759-mm-00 1759-aug-18 Captain D. Juan de Langara.  
1759-aug-19 1760-mm-00 Captain D. Gutierre de Hevia y Valdes.  
1769-mm-00 yyyy-mm-00 Captain D. Francisco Cotiella.  
1778-aug-17 yyyy-mm-00
Captain D. Felix de Tejada  
1779-jun-23 1780-jan-16 Captain D. Francisco Javier de Melgarejo y Rojas.  

 

Officers Flagship

1750-mm-00 1750-jun-08 Admiral D. Benito Maria Spinola. s2
1759-aug-29 yyyy-mm-00 Admiral D. Juan Jose Navarro.  
1779-may-23 1779-jul-22 Vice Admiral D. Antonio de Ulloa.  
1779-jul-23 1779-oct-00 Admiral D. Antonio de Ulloa.  
1779-oct-00 1780-jan-16 Commodore D. Juan de Langara.  

 

Record Service

1750-mm-00 Left La Habana to Cadiz with gold & troops. s1
1750-jun-08 Entered at Cadiz from La Habana with 15,847,423 pesos fuertes and troops. s1
1755-apr-00 At La Carraca, Cadiz to be careened.  
1759-apr-00 At Cadiz commissioned.  
1759-aug-29 Left Cadiz with a fleet2 to Naples to transport future King of Spain Charles III.  
1759-sep-28 The fleet2 arrived to Naples.  
1759-oct-07 Charles III of Spain, (former Charles VII of 2 Sicilies), embarked into Real Fenix with a combined fleet3 left to Barcelona.  
1759-oct-17 The combined fleet3 with Charles III of Spain arrived to Barcelona.  
1762-jan-00 At Cadiz with other 12 SoL, 4 frigates & minor vessels.  
1762-mm-00 Commissioned to patrol Mediterranean, Gibraltar strait & Atlantic sea.  
1763-mm-00 Commissioned to patrol Mediterranean, Gibraltar strait & Atlantic sea.  
1764-mm-00 In ordinary, under repairs at La Carraca, Cadiz.  
1765-mm-00 In ordinary, under repairs at La Carraca, Cadiz.  
1769-mm-00 In ordinary, at Cadiz, careened.  
1779-jun-23 Left Cadiz with Adm. Cordova's fleet to the English Channel.  
1779-jul-23 Near Sisargas Islands departed to Azores Islands with Gallardo, Diligente, San Julian, Santa Magdalena & Santa Monica.  
1779-jul-26 Patrolled Azores Islands with Gallardo, Diligente, San Julian, Santa Magdalena & Santa Monica.  
1779-oct-01 Entered at Cadiz.  
1779-oct-08 Left Cadiz to block Gibraltar as Admiral Ulloa's flagship.  
1779-nov-00 Entered at Cartagena due to strong winds and quit blocking.  
1779-dec-03 Left Cartagena back to the strait of Gibraltar.  
1780-jan-02 Arrived back to the Strait of Gibraltar.  
1780-jan-00 The squadron suffers different storms with damages.  
1780-jan-16 Captured by the british at the Battle of Cape St Maria.  

 

Actions & Battles

 

1780-jan-16 Battle of Cape St Maria

 

Notes

 Campaign of Azores Islands, also know at that time as "Islas Terceras".

(1) This armament was in wartime due to 1766 spanish royal ordenances (source b53).

(2) Real Fenix (80), Triunfante (74), Firme (74), Monarca (74), Princesa (70), Dichoso (70), San Felipe (70), Glorioso (68), Vencedor (68), Guerrero (68), Conquistador (60), 2 frigates & 2 small vessels (tartanas).

(3) Spanish ships:Real Fenix (80), Triunfante (74), Firme (74), Monarca (74), Princesa (70), Dichoso (70), San Felipe (70), Galicia (70), Terrible (70), Soberano (68), Atlante (68), Glorioso (68), Vencedor (68), Guerrero (68), Conquistador (60), 2 frigates & 2 small vessels (tartanas).
Kingdom of Two Sicilies: San Filippo (60), San Carlo (50), Santissima Concezione (30), Santa Amalia (30), xebecs San Gennaro (20), San Pasquale (20), San Ferdinando (20), San Gabriele (20), San Luigi (20), San Antonio (20), galleys Capitana, Patrona, San Antonio & San Gennaro & 4 small vessels or merchantmen.

 

Sources (research by Santigo Gomez)

Archivo General de Simancas, Sección Estado, legajo 6090 (s3).

RGM, noviembre-diciembre 1943, Miscelánea.

RGM, febrero 1988, José Fernández Gaytán, "La venida a España de Carlos III".

Antonio Ferrer del Río, "Historia del reinado de Carlos III en España, Tomo I.

Cesáreo Fernández Duro, "Disquisiciones náuticas. A la mar madera", Tomo V.

Cesáreo Fernández Duro, "Armada española", Tomo VII.

José Quintero González, "La Carraca. El primer arsenal ilustrado español (1717-1776)".

Francisco de Solano Pérez-Lila, "La pasión de reformar. Antonio de Ulloa". 

Biografía de Spínola, pag. 3. (s2)

Martín Fernández de Navarrete, "Colección de opúsculos", Tomo I, Madrid 1848, pag. 40 (s1) 

 

 

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