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HCMS Asia (1752)

Page history last edited by ManuBlasco 11 years, 5 months ago

Asia (2nd), 64


 

Details

Nationality Spanish
Ordered 1749-aug-00  
Started 1750-jun-06  
Named    
Launched 1752-mar-17  
Shipyard El Ferrol  
Plans Jorge Juan  
Constructor Ricardo Rooth  
Decks 2  
Rate 4th Rates  
Class    
System British  
Crew 474  
In Service 1752-sep-00  
Out Service 1762-jun-11  
Fate Scuttled  

 

 

Dimensions

Units Lenght Keel Beam Depth Draught Weight Source
Meters 48.56 42 12.26 6.03 6.94  

 

 

Armament

Guns Date # lbs # lbs # lbs # lbs Broadside Source
64 1752                    

 

 

Commanders

1756-mm-00   Captain D. Miguel Gutierrez Gaona.  
1760-mar-00 1760-jul-12 Captain D. Juan Francisco Garganta
 
1760-jul-13 1761-apr-13 Captain D. Pedro Gonzalez de Castejon.  
1761-apr-14 1762-jun-11 Captain D. Juan Francisco Garganta. s3 

 

Service Record (in spanish at todoavante.es)

1752-aug/sep Left El Ferrol to Azores' islands to wait for Fuerte (60) with gold from America.
 
1752-sep-20 Entered at Cadiz with Fuerte (60)
 
1753-mm-00 Left Cadiz/El Ferrol to Veracruz with Fuerte (60) & aviso San Antonio with mercury.
 
1756-mm-00 Left La Habana to Cadiz with Fuerte (60)America (64), packet-boats Jupiter Mercurio and aviso San Antonio, with gold & goods.  
1756-aug-06 Entered at Cadiz with Fuerte (60)America (64)Jupiter (22) & Mercurio with 8,460,659 gold & silver pesos and other goods. GdM01
1758-jun-23 Left El Ferrol to La Habana with 71 land cannons (24 & 16 lbs.) & 12,424 ammunition shots. s1 
1758-aug-18 Entered at La Habana. s1 
1759-mm-00 Left Veracruz to Cadiz with merchantmen Santo Cristo de San Roman, Limeña & Oriente, with gold.  
1759-aug-28 Entered at Cadiz with Santo Cristo de San RomanLimeña & Oriente, carring 12,191,007 gold pesos fuertes.
 
1760-mar-00 At Cadiz.  
1760-dec-00 Left Cadiz to patrol Argelian coast under Adm. Gutierre de Hevia, Marquis del Real Transporte's fleet.  
1760-feb-00 Entered at Cadiz under Adm. Gutierre de Hevia's fleet from Argelian waters.  
1761-apr-14 Left Cadiz carring troops with Conquistador (60)Tigre (70), Soberano (70), Aquilon (70) & Vencedor (70).1  
1761-mm-00 All arrived to Puerto Rico, leaving 150 troops. s2
1761-mm-00 All arrived to Santiago de Cuba, leaving 225 troops. s2
1761-jun-27 All but the Conquistador (60), arrived to La Habana with the 996 troops left.2 s2 
1762-jan-11 Left Veracruz to La Habana with America (58) & Flora (24) with flour, gold & supplies.  
1762-jan-27 Arrived to La Habana with America (58) & Flora (24).  
1762-jun-11 Scuttled with Europa (60) & Neptuno (70) to avoid british ships enter at Habana's bay.  

 

Actions & Battles

1762-jun-06 2nd Battle of La Habana

 

Notes

Was built using timber alredy cut from Autran's plans, but with Jorge Juan's system, so it was a mixture, resulting a smaller ship than what was expected.

(1) Only 5 ships transported 2 batallions of infantry (from Aragon's 2nd & España's 2nd regiments) with a total of 1,439 men, to Santiago de Cuba, Puerto Rico and finally La Habana.

These men were distribuited as follows; Tigre 233, Asia 245, Soberano 313, Aquilon 327 and Vencedor 321. Conquistador was loaded with mercury (azogues) for Veracruz.

From the 1,439 troops that left Cadiz, 68 died in the trip, 150 were deployed at Puerto Rico & 225 at Santiago de Cuba, so 996 arrived to the final destiny, La Habana (b196, s2). 

(2) Conquistador left the fleet at cape St. Antonio, Cuba, to Veracruz, before arriving to La Habana.

 

Sources (research by Santiago Gomez)

b196 - PARCERO TORRE, Celia Maria. "La pérdida de la Habana y las reformas borbónicas en Cuba, 1760-1773", 1998.

s1 - AGS, Secretaría de Marina, leg. 404. (ref. b196)

s2 - AGS, Secretaría de Marina, leg. 405. (ref. b196)

s3 - AGS, Secretaría de Marina, leg. 405-406. (ref. b196)

GdM01 - Gazeta de Madrid (10/08/1756)

A. G. I., Contratación, 1544. 

A. G. I., Contratación, 2477. 

A. G. I., Contratación, 2559. 

Calleja Leal, Guillero y O’Donnell y Duque de Estrada, Hugo. 1762. La Habana inglesa. La toma de La Habana por los ingleses. Ediciones de Cultura Hispánica, Madrid, 1999. 

Castanedo Galán, Juan Miguel. Guarnizo. Un astillero de la Corona. Editorial Naval, Madrid, 1993. 

Fernández Duro, Cesáreo. La Armada Española, desde la unión de los reinos de Castilla y Aragón. Tomo VII. Museo Naval, Madrid, 1973. 

Ferrándiz Araujo, Carlos. Historia Marítima Española de Zalvide, Academia Alfonso X el Sabio, Murcia, 1982. 

Franco Castañón, Hermenegildo. Sin perder el Norte. Valladolid, 2003. 

Juan-García Aguado, José María de. José Romero F. Landa. Un ingeniero de Marina en el siglo XVIII. Servicio publicaciones Universidad de La Coruña, 1998. 

José Patricio Merino Navarro, “La Armada española en el siglo XVIII”, Fundación Universitaria Española, Madrid, 1981. 

VV. AA. Modelos de arsenal del Museo Naval. Evolución de la construcción naval española, siglos XVII-XVIII. Lunwerg Editores, Colección Ciencia y Mar, 2004.

 

 

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