| 
  • If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old.

  • Files spread between Dropbox, Google Drive, Gmail, Slack, and more? Dokkio, a new product from the PBworks team, integrates and organizes them for you. Try it for free today.

View
 

HCMS America (1736)

Page history last edited by ManuBlasco 9 years, 2 months ago

América (1st), 64

Nuestra Señora de Belen


Details
Nationality Spanish
Ordered 1731-may-07  
Started 1735-jun-00  
Named    
Launched 1736-jan-21 b18
Shipyard La Habana  
Plans Juan Acosta w2
Constructor Juan Acosta  
Decks 2  
Rate 4th Rates  
System Spanish  
Twin Asia  
Crew 455  
In Service 1736 b18
Out Service 1762-jun-00 b18
Fate Captured

 

Dimensions
Units Lenght Keel Beam Depth Draught Weight Displacement Source
Codos  82'  23'  11'12"  AGS 
Meters 47.13 - 13.22 6.67 - - - AGS

 

Armament
Guns Date # lbs # lbs # lbs # lbs Fires Source
60 1736 24 24 26  18 10 8 - -   (1)
62 1736                   b18
64 1736                   w2
64 1748                   s1
60 1752 24 18 26 12 8 6 2p 2   s3

 

 

Commanders

1739-mm-00   Captain D. Agustin de Iturriaga.  
1744-feb-22   Frigate Captain D. Anibal Petrucci.  
1748-dec-09 1749-dec-00  Captain D. Julian de Arriaga y Ribera.  
1749-dec-00 1751-nov-27  Captain D. Francisco Cumplido.  
1751-nov-28   Captain D. Luis de Cordoba. w2
1752-apr-15   Captain D. Joaquin Gutierrez. s3
1759-mmm-00 1762-jun-00 Captain D. Juan Antonio de la Colina.  

 

Service Record (spanish todoavante)

1737-aug-28 Entered at Cadiz with masts.  
1738-mm-00 Commisioned at Cadiz, left to Cartagena.  
1739-feb-23 Entered at Cartagena.  
1739-may-00 Left Cartagena for a crew trainning with Aurora & Aguila.  
1744-feb-22 Battle of Cape Sicie  
1748-mm-00 At Cartagena in ordinary.  
1748-dec-09 Left Cartagena with Constante & 4 xebecs for argelian pirates. s1 
1748-dec-31 At Alicante with Constante, that lost a mast due to a storm. s1
1749-jan-00 Entered at Cartagena with Constante to repair the mast. s1
1749-jan-00 Left Cartagen with 4 xebecs for argelian pirates. s1
1749-feb-27 Constante joinned the squadron. s1
1749-mar-11 Entered at Cartagena with Constante & xebecs for supplies. s1
1749-mar-24 Left Cartagena with Constante for argelian pirates. s1
1749-apr-26 At Cartagena with Constante for supplies & repairs. s1
1749-apr-26 Left Cartagena with Constante for argelian pirates at the waters off Malaga. s1
1749-may-03 Barcelo's xebecs joinned Arriagas' squadron. s1
1749-jul-02 Entered at Cartagena with Constante & 4 private xebecs for supplies. s1
1749-jul-15 Left Cartagena with Constante & 4 xebecs for argelian pirates at the waters off Cape St Vincent. s1
1749-aug-05 Entered at Cadiz with Constante & 4 xebecs for supplies. s1
1749-aug-07 Left Cadiz to Cartagena with Constante & 4 xebecs scorting fireships. s1
1749-aug-13 Entered at Cartagena with Constante, 4 xebecs & fireships. s1
1749-aug-19 Left Cartagena to Argel with Constante & 4 xebecs to drawn a plain. s1
1749-aug-30 Entered at Cartagena with Constante & 4 xebecs from Argel. s1
1749-oct-02 Left Cadiz with Constante to La Guaira, Venezuela, with goods to La Habana.  
1749-dec-00 Left Cartagena de Indias to La Habana with Constante  
1750-mm-00 Left La Habana to Cadiz with Constante with gold.  
1750-jun-00 Arrived to Cadiz with Constante.  
1750-aug-11 Arrives to Cartagena with Constante scorting 4 small ships.  
1750-mm-00 At Cartagena with Constante, patrolling for pirates.  
1751-mm-00 At Cartagena with Constante, patrolling for pirates.  
1751-nov-16 Left Cadiz with Dragon (64), scorting Jason (20) until nearby Tenerife. s2 
1751-nov-28 Action vs Danzik  
1751-dec-00 Entered at Cadiz with Dragon  
1752-apr-15 At El Ferrol. s3
1755-apr-00 At La Carraca, Cadiz, for careen.  
1756-aug-06 Arrived to Cadiz with Asia, Fuerte, Jupiter & Mercurio with 8,460,659 gold & silver pesos and other goods. GdM01
1759-mm-00 Left Cadiz to La Habana.  
1759-nov-00 Entered at dry dock at Cartagena.  
1760-mm-00 At Cartagena.  
1760-dec-13 Left Cadiz scorting 3 frigates.  
1761-jan-10 Entered at La Habana.  
1762-jan-11 Left Veracruz with Asia & Flora to La Habana.  
1762-jan-27 Entered at La Habana with Asia & Flora.  
1762-jun-00 Captured by the british after the surrender of La Habana. b18
1763-jun-00 Burnt by the british before Spain recovered La Habana. w2

 

Actions & Battles

1744-feb-22 Battle of Cape Sicie
1751-nov-28 Action vs Danzik
1762-jun-00 Battle of La Habana

 

Notes

(1) - Armament by 1720 Royal Ordenances, not verified.

 

Sources (research by Santiago Gomez)

GdM01 - Gazeta de Madrid (10/08/1756)

s1 - "La Campaña de Corso de 1748-1749 en el Mediterraneo", Maria Baudot Monroy.

s2 - RHN, 107

AGS, Marina legajo 307.

s3 - AGMAB, "Estados de Fuerza y Vida", leg. 2235/2

Bartolomé y Cela, Enrique. “La obra docente de los cirujanos de la Real Armada en el siglo XVIII”, Revista General de Marina, junio 1990.

Fernández Duro, Cesáreo.  La Armada Española, desde la unión de los reinos de Castilla y Aragón. Tomo V. Museo Naval, Madrid, 1973.

Gómez Vizcaíno, Juan Antonio.“Don Antonio Barceló y Pont de la Terra”. Revista de Historia Naval, año 2007, nº 97.

Martínez-Valverde, Carlos. “La campaña de Don Juan José Navarro en el Mediterráneo y la batalla de cabo Sicie (1742-1744)”, Revista de Historia Naval, año 1983, nº 2.

Parcero Torre, Celia María. La pérdida de la Habana y las reformas borbónicas en Cuba (1760-1773). Junta de Castilla y León. Consejería de Educación y Cultura, 1998.

Pérez-Crespo Muñoz, María Teresa. El arsenal de Cartagena en el siglo XVIII. Editorial Naval, Madrid, 1992.

Sariego del Castillo, José L. Historia de la Marina española en la America septentrional y Pacifico, Sevilla, 1975.

Serrano Álvarez, José Manuel. El astillero de la Habana y la construcción naval (1700-1750). Ministerio de Defensa, Instituto de Historia y Cultura Naval, Madrid, 2008. 

Comments (0)

You don't have permission to comment on this page.