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HBMS Victory (1765)

Page history last edited by Cy 11 years, 8 months ago

Victory, 100 Guns


Details
Nationality British
Ordered 1758/12/13 B057
Laid Down 1759/07/23 B057
Named 1760/10/30 B057
Launched 1765/05/07 B057
Shipyard Chatham DY B057
Designer Thomas Slade B057
Master Shipbuilder Edward Allin B057
Rate First Rate
Type Ship of the Line
Out Service 2008 B057
Fate Still in Existance B057

Dimensions
B057   Type Metric
Length of Gundeck 184' 0" Imperial Feet 56.08
Length of Keel 152' 65/8" Imperial Feet 46.5
Breadth 51' 71/2" Imperial Feet 15.74
Depth in Hold 21' 6" Imperial Feet 6.55
Burthen 2,16253/94 Tons BM

Armament
1765 B057 Broadside Weight = 1182
Lower Gun Deck 30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck 28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck 30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck 10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle 2 British 6-Pounder
1778/05 B057 Broadside Weight = 1032
Lower Gun Deck 30 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck 28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck 30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck 10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle 2 British 6-Pounder
1779/04 W009 Broadside Weight = 1230
Lower Gun Deck 30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck 28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck 30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck 10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle 2 British 6-Pounder
Roundhouse 8 British 12-Pound Carronade
1780 W009 Broadside Weight = 1182
Lower Gun Deck 30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck 28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck 30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck 10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle 2 British 6-Pounder
1781 W009 Broadside Weight = 1292
Lower Gun Deck 30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck 28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck 30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck 10 British 6-Pounder
Forecastle 2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle 2 British 6-Pounder
Roundhouse 2 British 24-Pound Carronade
Roundhouse 6 British 18-Pound Carronade
1783 W009 Broadside Weight = 1328
Lower Gun Deck 30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck 28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck 30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck 10 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle 2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle 2 British 12-Pounder
Roundhouse 2 British 24-Pound Carronade
Roundhouse 6 British 18-Pound Carronade
1793 W009 Broadside Weight = 1250
Lower Gun Deck 30 British 42-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck 28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck 30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck 10 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle 2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle 2 British 12-Pounder
1803 W009 Broadside Weight = 1112
Lower Gun Deck 30 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck 28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck 30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck 12 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle 2 British 32-Pound Carronade
Forecastle 2 British 12-Pounder
1805 W009 Broadside Weight = 1148
Lower Gun Deck 30 British 32-Pounder
Middle Gun Deck 28 British 24-Pounder
Upper Gun Deck 30 British 12-Pounder
Quarterdeck 12 British 12-Pounder
Forecastle 2 British 68-Pound Carronade
Forecastle 2 British 12-Pounder

Crew Complement
Date Men Notes Source
1815/10/21 820 Complement at the [Battle of Trafalgar] B057

Flag Officers
Date From Date to Rank/Position Name Source
1778/05/16 1778/10/18 Admiral Augustus Keppel W009
1780/05/24 1780/08/24 Admiral of the White Francis Geary W009
1780/09/26 1780/12/29 Vice-Admiral of the Blue Francis William Drake W009
1781/03/21 1781/05/31 Vice-Admiral of the Blue Hyde Parker W009
1781/06 1781/08 Commodore John Elliot W009
1781/09/21 1782/03/11 Rear-Admiral John Kempenfelt W009
1782/04/20 1782/11/14 Admiral Richard Howe W009
1790/07 1790/08 Admiral Richard Howe W009
1793/05/06 1794/12/15 Vice-Admiral of the Red Alexander Hood W009
1795/10 1795/11 Vice-Admiral Robert Linzee W009
1795/12/03 1797/03/30 Admiral John Jervis W009
1803/05/08 1805/10/21 Vice-Admiral of the Blue Horatio Nelson W009
1808/03/18 1808/12/09 Admiral James Saumarez W009
1809/04/08 1809/12 Admiral James Saumarez W009
1810/03/11 1810/12/03 Admiral James Saumarez W009
1810/12 1811/03 Rear-Admiral Joseph Sydney Yorke W009
1811/04/02 1811/12/25 Admiral James Saumarez W009
1812/04/14 1812/10/15 Admiral James Saumarez W009
Commanders
Date From Date to Rank/Position Name Source
1778/03/09 1779/05/28 Post Captain John Lindsay W009
1779/03/19 1780/05/14 Admiral of the White Charles Hardy W009
1779/05/28 1780/05/13 Post Captain Jonathon Faulknor W009
1780/05/13 1781/04/17 Post Captain Samuel Wittewronge Clayton W009
1781/04/17 1781/11/23 Post Captain John Howarth W009
1781/11/23 1782/04/09 Post Captain Henry Cromwell W009
1782/04/09 1782/04/19 Post Captain John Bourmaster W009
1782/04/19 1782/12/06 Post Captain Henry Duncan W009
1782/12/06 1782/12/09 Post Captain Roger Curtis W009
1782/12/09 1783/02/17 Commander Thomas Byard W009
1787/10/01 1790/05/13 Post Captain Charles Hope W009
1790/05/13 1795/12/04 Post Captain John Knight W009
1795/12/04 1797/04/01 Post Captain George Grey W009
1797/04/01 1797/06/21 Post Captain Thomas Sotheby W009
1797/06/21 1803/04/09 Post Captain William Cuming W009
1803/04/09 1803/07/31 Post Captain Samuel Sutton W009
1803/07/31 1806/01/13 Post Captain Thomas Masterman Hardy W009
1808/01/28 1808/03/23 Post Captain John Clarke Searle W009
1808/03/23 1808/11/20 Post Captain Philip Dumaresq W009
1808/11/20 1809/03/20 Post Captain John Clarke Searle W009
1809/03/20 Unknown Post Captain Philip Dumaresq W009
1844 1844/09/23 Post Captain Richard Arthur B080
Commissioned Officers
Date From Date to Rank/Position Name Source
1803/04/15 1806/01/01 Lieutenant Andrew King NAO
1811/07/06 1812 Lieutenant John Adamson B080
1824/01 1828/08/28 Lieutenant John Frederick Appleby B080
1829/06/12 1829/08/10 Lieutenant Henry John Codrington W033
1839/08/01 1841/09/18 Lieutenant John Barnes B080
Warrant Officers
Date From Date to Rank/Position Name Source
1804/12/31 1806/01/15 Surgeon William Beatty NAO
Petty Officers
Date From Date to Rank/Position Name Source
1795/02 1796/01/16 Midshipman George Barnard B080
1796 1804/04/06 Midshipman Arden Adderley B080
1803 1804 Midshipman John Bingham B080
1805 1805/10 Midshipman John Barclay
1806/08 1808/06/13 Masters Mate James Bance B080
1809/04 1810/12 Midshipman Andrew Barclay B080
1810 1811/07/06 Masters Mate John Adamson B080
1819/99/99 1826/04 Midshipman Jonas Archer Abbott W032
1824 Unknown Midshipman John Elliot Bingham B080
1829 1830 Midshipman George Augustus Bedford B080
1831 1832 Masters Mate John Elliot Bingham B080
Crew
Date From Date to Rank/Position Name Source
1805/09/14 Unknown 1st Class Volunteer Henry Lancaster B080

Service Record
Date Notes Source
1765/05/07 Floated out of dock and placed in ordinary until 1778 B057
1769 Completed at Chatham at a cost of £57,748.1.1d B057
1778 Began fitting at Chatham B057
1778/03/12 First Commissioned B057
1778/04 Completed fitting at a cost of £13,296.0.0d B057
1778/04/13 Sailed from Chatham B057
1778/07/27 Present at 1st Battle of Ushant  
1781/07/27 Present at 2nd Battle of Ushant  
1782/10/20 Present at the Battle of Cape Spartel  
1783/02/17 Paid off at Portsmouth W009
1787/10 Recommissioned B064
1787/12 Paid off at Portsmouth B064
1787/12 Began large repair at Portsmouth DY B057
1788/04 Began refitting at Portsmouth DY B057
1788/04 Completed large repair at a cost of £37,523.0.0d B057
1789 Completed refitting at a cost of £6,451.0.0d B057
1790/05 Recommissioned B064
1791/01 Paid off B057
1791/01 Recommissioned B057
1791/09 Paid off B057
1792/12 Recommissioned B057
1793/05/22 Sailed for the Mediterranean B057
1795/07/13 Present at the Battle of Hyeres  
1797/02/14 Present at 2nd Battle of Cape St Vincent, 1 Killed, 5 wounded  
1797/11 Paid off B057
1797/12 Recommissioned B057
1797/12 Recommissioned as a Hospital ship at Chatham B057
1799/10 Paid off B057
1800/02 Began middling repair at Chatham B057
1803/04 Completed middling repair at a cost of £70,933.0.0d B057
1803/04 Recommissioned B057
1803/05/25 Sailed for the Mediterranean B057
1803/05/28 Took the Ambuscade, formerly the Ambuscade B057
1805/10/21 Present at the Battle of Trafalgar, 57 Killed, 102 Wounded  
1806/01 Paid off B057
1806/01/13 Paid off at Chatham W009
1806/03 Began repairs at Chatham B057
1806/05 Completed repairs at a cost of £9,936.0.0d B057
1808/01 Recommissioned as a Second Rate B057
1809 Evacuation of Corunna B057
1812/11 Paid off B057
1813 Placed in ordinary at Portsmouth B057
1814/03 Began large repair at Portsmouth B057
1816/01 Completed large repair at a cost of £79,772.0.0d B057
1823/06 Recommissioned as a guardship B057
1824/01 Port commanders flagship B057
1830/04 Paid off into ordinary B057

Fleets
Fleet Title Commander Date From Date To Source
Fleet for the relief of Gibraltar 1782 Admiral of the Blue Richard Howe 1782/09/00 1782/12/00

Actions & Battles
Date Source
1778/07/27 1st Battle of Ushant
1781/07/27 2nd Battle of Ushant
1782/10/20 Battle of Cape Spartel
1795/07/13 Battle of Hyeres
1797/02/14 2nd Battle of Cape St Vincent
1805/10/21 Battle of Trafalgar

Notes on Ship
The Battle of Trafalgar Muster

HMS Victory had a crew of 820 men commanded by Captain Thomas Masterman Hardy. There were 9 Commissioned Officers, 21 Midshipmen and 77 Non-commissioned Warrant and Petty Officers, the rest of the crew comprised of Able and Ordinary Seaman, Landsmen, Supernumeries and 31 boys.


Also within this complement was a detachment of 146 Royal Marines from the Chatham Division, commanded by Captain Charles Adair


Apart from the 700 English, Irish, Scots and Welsh, 18 different nationalities were represented on the Victory, at the Battle of Trafalgar.


She suffered some of the worst casualties of the Allied Fleet at the battle with 57 of her crew killed or dying of their wounds a few days later, and a further 102 wounded.


Sources
Id Link or Description Author
B057 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714 - 1792 Rif Winfield
W009 HMS Victory Unknown
B080 A Naval Biographical Dictionary 1849 O'Brien
NAO The National Archive - Trafalgar Ancestors Various
W033 Vaisseaux de Ligne Francais de 1682 a 1767 Ronald Deschenes
The Trafalgar Roll Unknown
W032 Commissioned Sea Officers of the Royal Navy David Bonner Smith
B064 British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793-1817 Rif Winfield

Last Updated :2009/05/02 at 12:52:52 by Cy

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