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Glossary

Page history last edited by ManuBlasco 12 years, 6 months ago

 

GLOSSARY

Nautical, warfare and other english terms definition index with french and spanish translations.

 

A : B : C : D : E : F : G : H : I : J : K : L : M : N : O : P : Q : R : S : T : U : V : W : X : Y : Z

 

 

A

English short description
Admiral Amiral Almirante Senior Naval officer, normally commanding a Fleet, Squadron or Division
Admiral of the Fleet Amiral de France Capitan General de la Armada Senior Admiral in the Navy, usually a shore based administration position

 

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B

English short description
Beam Maître-bau/Largeur Manga Ship´s width at the widest point
Boatswain Bosco Contramaestre Who is charged with examining and surveying the ship's hull, ropes, moorings, and cargo
Bought Achetee Comprado Bought to another nation or private merchant for war pourposes.
Bow Proue Proa The forward part of the hull of a ship or boat
Brig Brick none Common abbreviation of Brigantine
Brigantine Brigantine Bergantin Vessel with two masts, at least one square rigged
Broad Pendant     Command flag of a British Commodore, introduced in 1692
Broke up Degrossir Desguazado Breaking down a ship for sell or built a new one
Burthen   Arqueo Ships capacity, originally based on the volume of a tun (barrel), hence tonnage.

 

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C

English short description
Cannon   Cañon  General term for a muzzle-loading smooth-bore artillery piece
Cannon   Cañon  A Cannon firing a ball of 42 to 60 Pounds in weight
Carronade Caronade Carronada A short smoothbore, cast iron cannon, with short-range and low muzzle velocity.
Captain Capitaine Capitan Officer in command of a ship
Careen   Carenar Action of cleaning a ship's hull for maintenance
Commander   Comandante Officer not holding the rank of Captain commanding of a ship
Commodore Chef d'escadre Brigadier An officer other than an Admiral commanding a squadron
Coppering   Forrar en cobre Cover the underneath part of a ship with copper plates.
Corvette Corvette Corbeta Two or three mast vessel, smaller than a frigate
Culverin     English Cannon, firing a ball of approximatly 18lbs
Cutter Cotre  Cuter  A single masted Square-rigged vessel

 

 

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D

English short description
Demi-Culverin     Type of English cannon, firing a ball of approximatly 9lbs
Depth of hold Le Creux Puntal Ship´s highest length from keel to main.
Displacement Deplacement Desplazamiento Seawater displaced by a floatting ship and its contents. Volume.
Drake     A term used to indicate a weapon lighter and/or shorter than normal
Draught Tirant d'eau Plan? Draught at stern ship´s length (Draft).
Draught forward   Calado a proa  
Draught abaft   Calado a popa  
Drydock   Dique seco Used for the construction, maintenance, and repair of ships

 

 

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E

English short description
Ensign Pavillon Pabellon Identifying flag flown from the stern of the vessel.
none none Esmeril Spanish 1/2 pounder gun.

 

 

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F

English short description
Flag Captain Capitaine en Second Capitan de Consejo Captain commanding an Admirals ship: e.g. Hardy at Trafalgar
Flotilla   Flotilla A small Fleet, or a fleet of small ships
Frigate Fregate Fragata Full rigged war vessel, smaller than a ship of the line
Figurehead Figure de proue Mascaron de proa Carved wooden decoration, found at the prow of ships
Fireship Brulot Brulote Ship filled with combustibles to set on fire into enemies fleets.
First Lord of the Admiralty     President of the Board of Admiralty replacing the Lord High Admiral in charge of the Navy
Foundered Coulé Naufragar A ship lost at sea, usually due to the effect of severe weather conditions, but occasionally due to a poor state of repair.

 

 

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G

English short description
Galley Galere Galera Ship that can be propelled by human oarsmen and/or wind.
General at Sea none none Rank equivalent to an Admiral. Only used during the Commonwealth period (1649-1660).
Gondola   Gondola Flat bottomed, single masted gunboat, common on the Great Lakes in 1776.
Gregorian Calendar Calendrier Gregorien Calendario Gregoriano The currently accepted international calendar, date of adoption varies.
Gundalow     Alternate term for a Gondola.

 

 

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H

English short description
Hulk Pontoon Ponton Unarmed ship in a harbour used as warehouse or prision.

 

 

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I

English short description

 

 

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J

English short description
Jack Enseigne Bandera de proa Identifying flag flown from the Bowsprit or the Bow.
Julian Calendar   Calendario Juliano The calendar in use in Europe before the adoption of the Gregorian calendar.

 

 

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K

English short description
King's Letter Boy     A boy or young man who had a warrant from the British Admiralty which assigned him to a ship for training as a Royal Navy officer. This system was phased out by the mid-1700s.
Knot Noeud Nudo Unit used to meassure the speed of a vessel.
Keel Quille/Longeur Quilla Ship´s length from bow to stern.

 

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L

English short description
Larboard Babord Babor The left-hand side of a ship when facing the bow (Officially replaced by Port in 1844).
Length Longueur Eslora Ship´s overall length, from prow to stern, without the bowsprit.
Letter of Marque (1) Lettre de Marque/Course Patente de Corso Commission issued to a Privately owned Ship of War to enable it to legally engage and take enemy vessels.
Letter of Marque (2) Lettre de Marque/Course Patente de Corso A Merchantman who has taken a Commission (Letter of Mark) to enable her to gain from opportunistic prizes.
Lord High Admiral none  none  Commander in Chief of the British Navy

 

 

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M

English short description
Merchantman Marchand Mercante A ship who's primary purpose is commerce rather than war'.'
Minion     English Cannon, firing a ball of approximatly 4lbs.

 

 

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N

English short description

 

 

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O

English short description
Obusier Obusier Obus Short barrelled cannon, similar to a Carronade
Old Style Dates     Dates using the older Julian calendar

 

 

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P

English short description
Pendant     Identyifying flag of a naval vessel operating independantly.
Pennant Flamme Gallardete Flies from the masthead and indicates the commission of a ship's captain (a.k.a. Pennon).
Pier Jetee Muelle Raised walkway from land into & over the water.
Pirate Pirate Pirata Ship who robs at sea or plunders the land from the sea without commission from a sovereign nation.
Port Babord Babor The left-hand side when facing the Bow
Privateer Corsaire Corsario Privately owned ship of war issued with a Letter of Marque from a sovereign nation to fight his enemies.

 

 

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Q

English short description

 

 

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R

English short description

 

 

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S

English short description
Saker     English Cannon, firing a ball of approximatly 5lbs 8oz
Schooner Goelette Goleta A two masted vessel with Fore and Aft rig and the Foremast shorter than the Mainmast
Scuttled Sabordee Echar a Pique Run ashore, burnt or sunk a ship to prevent capture or blocking enemy ships pass.
Sea Howitzer Obusier Obus Short barrelled cannon, similar to a Carronade
Ship of the line Navire de ligne Navio de linea Large warship constructed from the 17th to mid-19th century (SoL)
Sloop Sloop Balandra One masted vessel with Fore and Aft rig and the mast of a cutter
Sold Vendue Vendido Sold to other nation or merchantman for his use or to be broke up to sell the wood.
Starboard Tribord Estribor The right-hand side when facing the Bow
Steam ? Vapor Converted to a steam ship adding an steam engine.
Stern Poupe Popa The rear part of a ship
Supplier ? Asentista Who gets a contract to built a ship for the King.
Swivel gun   Pedrero Small gun that filres 4-6 pound stone balls.

 

 

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T

English short description
Tar Poix Brea Mixture of tar, pitch, tallow and oil, heated for caulking and painting ship's timber & rigging.
Topsail Schooner     A Schooner with Square-Rigged topsails on the foremast.
Trabaccolo     A small, two masted, lateen rigged transport vessel, common in the Adriatic sea

 

 

 

 

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U

English short description
Urca
Fûtle
Urca Freight frigate plain-looking ship with 2-3 masts and square/latin sails, of greater length and width. 

 

 

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V

English short description
 
 
 

 

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W

English short description
Weight   Arqueo Ship's hull volume capacity measured in barrels.
Wrecked Naufragé Hundido The ship sunk by collision with the coast, rocks, sandbanks or other solid objects

 

 

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X

English short description
Xebec Chebec Jabeque Similar to galleys, with lateen sails (2-3 masts) and/or with oars, smaller than frigates.

 

 

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Y

English short description

 

 

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Z

English short description

 

 

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